Microfiber or microfibre is synthetic fiber finer than one denier
or decitex/thread. This is smaller than the diameter of a strand of
silk (which is approximately one denier), which is itself about 1/5
the diameter of a human hair. The most common types of microfibers
are made from polyesters, polyamides (e.g., nylon, Kevlar, Nomex,
trogamide), or a conjugation of polyester, polyamide, and
Microfiber is used to make mats, knits, and weaves for apparel,
upholstery, industrial filters, and cleaning products. The shape,
size, and combinations of synthetic fibers are selected for
specific characteristics, including softness, toughness,
absorption, water repellency, electrostatics, and filtering
In cleaning products, microfiber can be 100% polyester, or a blend
of polyester and polyamide (nylon). It can be both a woven product
or a non woven product, the latter most often used in limited use
or disposable cloths. In the highest-quality fabrics for cleaning
applications, the fiber is split during the manufacturing process
to produce multi-stranded fibres. A cross section of the split
microfiber fabric under high magnification would look like an
asterisk. The split fibres and the size of the individual filaments
working in conjunction with the spaces between them make the cloths
more effective than other fabrics for cleaning purposes. The
structure traps and retains the dirt and also absorbs liquids.
Actually most of exporters in China use 100% polyester
fabre,because the price is lower than PET/ PA(80% polyester+20%
Material PET/ PA has better abrasion resistance,water absorption
and decontamination ability.
Commom model is 50D/36F*16S--400D/144F*16S.
Unlike cotton, microfiber leaves no lint, the exception being some
micro suede blends, where the surface is mechanically processed to
produce a soft plush feel.
For microfiber to be most effective as a cleaning product,
especially for water-soluble soils and waxes, it should be a split
microfiber. Non-split microfiber is little more than a very soft
cloth. The main exception is for cloths used for facial cleansing
and for the removal of skin oils, (sebum), sunscreens, and mosquito
repellents from optical surfaces such as cameras, phones and
eyeglasses where in higher-end proprietary woven, 100% polyester
cloths using 2 µm filaments, will absorb these types of oils
Microfiber that is used in non-sports-related clothing, furniture,
and other applications isn't split because it isn't designed to be
absorbent, just soft. When buying, microfiber may not be labelled
to designate whether it is split. A quick way to determine if
microfiber is, is to run the cloth lightly over the palm of the
hand. A split microfiber will cling to any imperfections of the
skin, which can be both heard and felt. Another way is to pour a
small amount of water on a hard flat surface and try to push the
water with the microfiber. If the water is pushed rather than being
absorbed, it's not split microfiber..
Microfiber can be electrostatically charged for special purposes
Microfiber products used for consumer cleaning are generally
constructed from split conjugated fibers of polyester and
polyamide. Microfiber used for commercial cleaning products also
includes many products constructed of 100% polyester microfiber.
Fabrics made with microfibers are exceptionally soft and hold their
shape well. When high-quality microfiber is combined with the right
knitting process, it creates an extremely effective cleaning
material. This material can hold up to eight times its weight in
water. Microfiber products have exceptional ability to absorb oils,
and are not hard enough to scratch even paintwork unless they have
retained grit or hard particles from previous use.
Microfiber is widely used by car detailers to handle tasks such as
removing wax from paintwork, quick detailing, cleaning interior,
cleaning glass, and drying. Because of their fine fibers which
leave no lint or dust, microfiber towels are used by car detailers
and enthusiasts in a similar manner to a chamois leather.
Microfiber is used in many professional cleaning applications, for
example in mops and cleaning cloths. Although microfiber mops cost
more than non-microfiber mops, they may be more economical because
they last longer and require less effort to use.
Microfiber textiles designed for cleaning clean on a microscopic
scale. According to tests using microfiber materials to clean a
surface leads to reducing the number of bacteria by 99%, whereas a
conventional cleaning material reduces this number only by
33%.Microfiber cleaning tools also absorb fat and grease and their
electrostatic properties give them a high dust-attracting power.
Microfiber cloths are used to clean photographic lenses as they
absorb oily matter without being abrasive or leaving a residue, and
are sold by major manufacturers such as Sinar, Nikon and Canon.
Small microfiber cleaning cloths are commonly sold for cleaning
computer screens and eyeglasses.
Microfiber is unsuitable for some cleaning applications as it
accumulates dust, debris, and particles. Sensitive surfaces (such
as all high-tech coated surfaces e.g. CRT, LCD and plasma screens)
can easily be damaged by a microfiber cloth if it has picked up
grit or other abrasive particles during use. One way to minimize
the risk of damage to flat surfaces is to use a flat, non-rugged
microfiber cloth, as these tend to be less prone to retaining grit.
Rags made of microfiber must only be washed in regular washing
detergent, not oily, self-softening, soap-based detergents. Fabric
softener must not be used. The oils in the softener and
self-softening detergents will clog up the fibers and make them
less effective until the oils are washed out.